Besides healthy living that can reduce the risks of colorectal cancer, regular tests are suggested to ensure early detection of the disease.
The Canadian Association of Gastroenterology and the Canadian Digestive Health Foundation recommend that all individuals aged 50 and over without any colorectal cancer in their family history be screened at least every two years to find occult blood in the feces.
Proceed with a colonoscopy?
Individuals that are at higher risk must take screening tests, such as the SSi test, and have regular colonoscopies. These people usually have the following criteria:
- Parents affected with first-stage colon cancer
- Family history that suggests a genetic disease such as familial polyposis
- Individuals suffering for several years from an intestinal inflammatory disease
What are the main risk factors for colon cancer?
Even if it affects persons of all ages, colorectal cancer is more frequent in people over 50.
Risk factors are many:
- Risk increases with age;
- Presence of intestinal inflammatory diseases such as Crohn’s disease;
- Personal or family instances of colorectal polyp cancer;
- Lack of regular physical activity;
- Low diet in fruits and vegetables;
- Low fiber diet, but rich in fat;
- Consumption of alcohol and tobacco;